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FASB

New Standards Mean Changes to Disclosures and Financial Statements

By | Abila, Accounting, Audit, CPA, FASB, Grant Management, MIP Fund Accounting, Nonprofit | No Comments

In August 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued Accounting Standards Update (ASU) 2016-14. This document, entitled, “Presentation of Financial Statements for Not-for-Profit Entities” changed how information is presented in financial statements. The goal was to make information clear and easily understandable for the average person reading a nonprofit’s financial statements.

Areas that the new standards address include:

* Net asset restrictions: The previous categorization of net asset classifications confused many people, especially the term “unrestricted.” The new net asset restrictions bring the categories down from three to two to provide clarity.

* Liquidity: It was difficult under the old standard for people to see liquidity and compare liquidity amounts among various nonprofits.

* Cash flow: Previously, indirect reporting was required, but reviewers found that indirect reporting methods confused many people.

* Expenses: Not all nonprofits reported expenses the same way.

The Changes: Nothing New to Track, Simpler Reporting

The changes required by FASB for nonprofit accounting do not ask for any new information to be recorded or tracked. Instead, it simplifies the method of reporting and recording, streamlining it so that it is more consistent among nonprofits. This enables donors, members, and the public an easier way to compare nonprofit organizations and understand their finances.

The biggest changes are the net asset classifications, disclosure, and expense designation

1. Net asset classification: As previously stated, net asset classifications are changing from three previous potential classifications to two. The two new categories are net assets with donor restrictions and net assets without donor restrictions. Details about the categories are disclosed in the footnotes. The footnotes are expected to provide detail on the funds themselves and how they are apportioned.

2. Liquidity disclosure: On the liquidity disclosure, the new rules require that qualitative details communicate how the nonprofit manages the liquid resources available to meet its cash flow needs within a one year period. Quantitative information must also be provided about the resources available within one year. Additional information is required on the nature and type of liquid assets and any external limitations placed on them by grantors, donors, local laws, etc. Board limits must also be specified.

3. Expenses: Expenses must now be disclosed by natural and functional categories. The methods used to allocate costs must also be described.

The changes recommended by FASB aren’t a surprise, but are long in coming. The continual push to improve communications around financials for nonprofit entities is a welcome one that adds a layer of transparency to the nonprofit world that donors have been seeking.

If you’d like assistance meeting the new FASB requirements, speak with Welter Consulting today. We offer software and services that can help you with your accounting needs. Please contact Welter Consulting at 206-605-3113 for more information.

New FASB Rules Help Nonprofits Tell Their Stories

By | Accounting, FASB, Nonprofit | No Comments

Can you really tell stories with numbers? The FASB thinks so. The new Accounting Standards Update No. 2016-14, Not-for-Profit Entities (Topic 958): Presentation of Financial Statements of Not-for-Profit Entities takes effect for annual financial statements issued for fiscal years beginning after Dec. 15, 2017, and for interim periods within fiscal years beginning after Dec. 15, 2018. The goal is to help nonprofits clearly state, through their financial statements, their ‘story’ so that donors and others can make better-informed decisions.

Welter Consulting helps nonprofits gather and share their financial ‘stories’ through smart money management and software that supports better financial management. As you learn more about FASB Topic 958, consider upgrading your software to provide you with the updated and detailed accounting information that will be required moving forward.

FASB Topic 958

Much has been written in the financial press about FASB Topic 958, or the new Accounting Standards Update. It is the first such update in 20 years and proposes several major changes for nonprofit accounting methods.

These changes include:

* Two net asset classes instead of three.

* Changes in how underwater amounts of donor-restricted funds are reported.

* Requirements to how nonprofits report liquidity risks.

* Reporting expenses by function and nature, as well as an analysis of expenses by both function and nature.

Why all the changes? The FASB recognizes that numbers tell an important story. The public has a right to obtain a clear, concise, and detailed summary of that story through a nonprofit’s financial statements.

Although much of the information was included by nonprofits, the new requirements hope to force nonprofits to accurately, clearly, and completely disclose how they are tracking and using funds.

Donors Require Fiscal Transparency

Donors today are just as philanthropic-minded as past generations. They are, however, deeply concerned that their donations are used for the purposes for which they are given. They want to know that their money is going to fund specific activities. Although most donors do recognize that some money must be spent on operational expenses, most want to see their donation going for the good of the cause or to fulfill the organization’s mission.

You can help donors understand your financial reports in many ways:

* Providing both required disclosure as well as additional, simplified language for the public to explain the numbers on your reports.

* Campaigns to increase awareness for your activities and initiatives.

* Donor outreach and communications, including social media and newsletters that shares how funds are used.

The greater the transparency around how your funds are used, the greater the trust between donors and organizations. The FASB requirement is important to note, but of even greater importance is winning and keeping the public’s trust. Smart nonprofits are already taking steps to ensure that this happens, along with steps to comply with the new FASB regulations.

At Welter Consulting, we are committed to helping you find affordable, useful technology, and to learning how to use that technology to its fullest capacity. We work exclusively with nonprofits and government agencies to help them find and use technology solutions. For more information, please contact us or call 206-605-3113.